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UPSC CSE Key – April 6, 2022: What you need to read today


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Will hear petition against electoral bond scheme: CJI

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Indian Polity and Governance

Main Examination: General Studies II: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability

Key Points to Ponder:

• What are Electoral Bonds?

• Electoral Bonds-Key Features

• Which Bank is the only bank authorised to sell Electoral Bonds?

• Electoral Bonds and associated issues

• When are the bonds available for purchase?

• Are electoral bonds taxable?

• Why were electoral bonds introduced in India?

• Why are electoral bonds being so vehemently opposed by transparency activists?

• How popular are electoral bonds as a route of donation?

• What does the Supreme Court have to say on electoral bonds?

• What is the Election Commission’s stand on electoral bonds?

• Reserve Bank of India on electoral bonds scheme?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

Explained: Why the electoral bonds scheme has been challenged in Supreme Court

After missile ‘malfunction’, BrahMos buyer Manila called Indian envoy

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Current events of national and international importance.

Main Examination: General Studies III: Science and Technology

Key Points to Ponder:

• BRAHMOS supersonic cruise missile -Key Features

• BrahMos Missiles and How Many Versions Are There of Brahmos?

• Know the terms and Difference between Them-Infra Sonic, Subsonic, Super Sonic, Ultra Sonic etc.

• What are Cruise Missiles?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

Explained: The BrahMos missile, and significance of the ongoing series of tests by Armed forces

IN PARLIAMENT

RS passes MCD Bill, Shah says Parliament can legislate on any Delhi-related matter

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Indian Polity and Governance

Mains Examination: General Studies II: Devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

Key Points to Ponder:

• Delhi Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Bill, 2022-Key Provisions

• The Municipal Corporation of Delhi Trifurcation in 2012

• North Delhi Municipal Corporation, the South Delhi Municipal Corporation and the East Delhi Municipal Corporation

• Unification or merger of the three Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCDs).

• What is the difference between Municipal corporation, Municipality, Notified area committee, Cantonment board,
Township and Special purpose Agency?

• Know in Detail-74th amendment act (Municipalities) and Articles 243-P to 243-ZG.

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

Explained: What the BJP hopes to gain by merging Delhi’s three MCD

Jaishankar introduces Bill to ban funding of WMDs

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Current events of national and international importance.

Main Examination: General Studies II: Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

Key Points to Ponder:

• What do you understand by “Weapons of Mass Destruction”?

• The Weapons of Mass Destruction and Their Delivery Systems (Prohibition of Unlawful Activities) Act, 2005-Key
Highlights

• Definitions of Nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) weapons according to India’s 2005 WMD Act

• Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)-Key Provisions

• Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)-Key Provisions

• The New START Treaty (between the USA and the Russian Federation)

• India and NPT, CTBT-Issues and India’s Apprehension

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

Explained: What are WMDs, the existing law on which India now wants to amend?

THE EDITORIAL PAGE

Coming Together

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Economic and Social Development

Main Examination: General Studies III: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment

Key Points to Ponder:

• HDFC Bank and HDFC Ltd – What is the plan of merger?

• What is the share swap ratio of the transaction?

• How will the ownership change?

• How will the merger benefit the two entities?

• HDFC Bank and HDFC Ltd merger and not Amalgamation-Know the difference between Merger and Amalgamation

• Public Sector Banks (PSBs) and Private Sector Banks-Know the Difference

• What do you Understand by “Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC)”?

• Banking Structure in India-Know in Detail

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

Explained: Why are HDFC Limited and HDFC Bank merging, what will be its impact?

No Time to Lose

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change

Mains Examination: General Studies III: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Key Points to Ponder:

• Know about Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

• The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Assessment Reports (ARs)

• Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report (Third Part)-Key Highlights

• What are the new insights on climate impacts, vulnerability and adaptation from IPCC?

• How will nature and the benefits it provides to people be affected by higher levels of warming?

• How will climate change affect the lives of today’s children tomorrow, if no immediate action is taken?

• Climate Change and India’s Strategy to deal with Climate Change

• What is Climate Resilient Development?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

Check emissions fast or nothing will help after 2030: IPCC report

Explained: What is the IPCC, and why are its Assessment Reports important?

It Goes Back to NATO

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Current events of national and international importance.

Main Examination: General Studies II: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s Interests

Key Points to Ponder:

• What is North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)?

• What are the Objectives of North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO?

• How North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Functions?

• North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)-Genesis

• North Atlantic Treaty Organization and its Alliances

• Article 4 and Article 5 of NATO’s founding treaty (Collective Security)

Ukraine-NATO-Russia-Controversies

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

A power shift in the making

EXPLAINED

The civilian massacre in Bucha

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: Current events of national and international importance.

Main Examination: General Studies II: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests

Key Points to Ponder:

• What do Understand by expression “War Crime”?

• What do you understand by term “genocide”?

• Bucha Massacres-A genocide or war crimes?

• The massacres in Bucha and International reactions?

• India’s stand on Bucha Massacres

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

Explained: How could Russia’s Putin be prosecuted for war crimes in Ukraine?

Emerging from pandemic, need to view viruses in perspective

Syllabus:

Preliminary Examination: General Science

Key Points to Ponder:

• Viruses-Evolution

• Difference Between DNA and RNA Viruses

• Good Viruses and Bad Viruses-Role in Ecosystem, Environment and in Human Body

• Viruses that help and protect-Know about them

• Anthropogenic zoonotic viral transmission-How?

• Virus and Future-Way ahead

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

Viruses and Environment

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